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An IEEE citation has two parts:
In text (immediately after a paraphrase, summary, or a direct quote) - to let the person who's reading your work know that this isn't your idea and to give them a quick way to know who's idea it is and where to find it in your reference list.
Reference list (at the end of your assignment) - to allow the reader to find where the idea came from. This will give them enough information that they can locate the article or book themselves and find the information that you included in your assignment.
Anytime you use someone else's words, ideas, or opinions, you need to show where you first retrieved or read that information by citing your source. You need to provide both the in-text citation whenever you use that source in your paper, and a single reference list entry at the end of your paper for each source that you use. This guide provides examples of IEEE citations for various resources.
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- For multiple authors, list the names in order presented in the source. The names of all authors should be given in the reference unless the number of authors is greater than six.
- If there are more than six authors, you may use et al. after the name of the first author. Do not use a comma before et al.
- If there is no author, begin the entry with the title of the work, including the appropriate capitalization and italics formatting.
- Give the complete date that the work was published. If a day or month is provided, list the date as (Month Day, Year).
- If a publication or creation date cannot be found on a website, use "n.d."
- If no date is available, write n.d. in parentheses, followed by a period.
Title of Work
- Capitalize all important words in a title (and subtitle if given) of a book, periodical, or conference.
- Capitalize the first word of an article title (and subtitle if given)
- Italicize the title of a book or periodical. Place quotation marks around the title of a web document, article title, and book chapter.
- Give edition information directly after the title (if applicable). Do not italicize the edition.
- For books, give the location of the publisher, followed by a colon(:) and the name of the publisher.
- For periodicals, give the volume number, issue number, and page range after the periodical title.
For specific examples of formatting publisher information for different types of works, go to the reference list section of the guide.