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IEEE Citation Style: Articles

This guide provides information on the 2020 edition of the IEEE citation style.

Online Academic Journal Articles

  Template Example
Reference list entry

[#] First Initial. Surname, "Title of article," Title of Journal, vol. #, no. #, pp. # – #, Abbreviated Month Year. Accessed: Abbreviated Month Day, Year. doi: ####. [Online]. Available: Internet address

[2] R. Abell, S. Morgan, and A. Morgan, “Taking high conservation value from forests to freshwaters,” Environ. Manage., vol. 56, no. 1, pp.1-10, May 2015. Accessed: Jan. 24, 2021. doi: 10.1007/s/00267-015-472-6. [Online]. Available: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00267-015-0472-6

  • IEEE requires standard abbreviations for academic journal and conference proceeding titles. A list of abbreviations is available in the 2020 guidelines (pp. 20).
  • IEEE provides many examples for different types of periodicals - the one above is the most common for academic journals at SAIT Library. See the What If... table at the bottom of this page for exceptions and/or omissions to the above table.

Online Magazine or Trade Publication Articles

  Template Example
Reference list entry

[#] First Initial. Surname, "Title of article," Title of Magazine/Trade Publication, vol. #, no. #, pp. # – #, Abbreviated Month Day, Year. Accessed: Abbreviated Month Day, Year. [Online]. Available: Internet address

[14] C. Griffiths, "Farming the dust," Farm J., vol. 142, no. 13, pp. 16, Nov. 15, 2019. Accessed: May 19, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://sait.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01SAIT_INST/1u7fvls/ cdi_proquest_rep orts_2327893166

Newspaper Article from a Library Database

  Template Example
Reference list entry

[#] First Initial. Surname, "Title of article," Title of Newspaper, pp. ##. Abbreviated Month Day, Year. Accessed: Abbreviated Month Day, Year. [Online]. Available: Internet address

[4] K. Severson and A. Martin, "It's organic, but does that mean it's safer?" The New York Times, pp. B6, Mar. 3, 2009. Accessed: Jun. 5, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://sait.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01SAIT_INST/ 1u7fvls/cdi_proquest_newspapers_434061772

Conference Proceedings

The following information is for the most common type of conference proceedings in IEEE. If the conference proceeding you are citing does not look like the format below, check the full IEEE Reference Guide (p. 7) or ask your liaison librarian for help.

  Template Example
Reference list entry [#] First Initial. Surname and First Initial. Surname, "Title of paper," in Conference Proceedings Title, City of Conference, State, Country, Abbreviated Month Day(s), Year, pp. ##-##. Accessed: Abbreviated Month. Day, Year. [Online]. Available: doi OR internet address

[4] A. Alshammari, S. Alhaidari, A. Alharbi, and M. Zohdy, "Security threats and challenges in cloud computing," in IEEE 4th Int. Conf. on Cyber Secur. and Cloud Comput. (CSCloud), New York, NY, June 26-28, 2017, pp. 46-51. Accessed: Feb. 11, 2019. [Online]. Available: doi:10.1109/CSCloud.2017.59.

  • IEEE requires standard abbreviations for academic journal and conference proceeding titles. A list of abbreviations is available in the 2020 guidelines (pp. 20).

What if. . .

Scenario Solution Example
Two Authors List both authors separated by the word "and".

[9] P. Ogrodzki and S. J. Forsythe, "Crispr," Future Microbiol., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1507-1519, Dec. 01, 2016. Accessed: May 19, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://sait.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01SAIT_INST/1u7fvls/cdi_futurescience_futuremedicine_10_2217_fmb_2016_0070

Three or more authors List each author in the order they are listed separated by a comma, with the word "and" preceding the last author's name.

[21] T. Wilberforce, Z. El-Hassan, F. N. Khatib, A. Al Makky, A. Baroutaji, J. G. Carton, and A.G Olabi, "Developments of electric cars and fuel cell hydrogen electric cars," Int. J. of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 42, no. 40, pp. 25695-25734, Oct. 2017. Accessed: Mar. 28, 2018. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.07.054. [Online]. Available: https://www.sciencedirect.com.libresources1.sait.ab.ca/science/article/pii/S036031991732791X?via%3Dihub

No volume number (vol.)

Exclude the volume number but still include the issue number as usual. 

[52] O. P. Dhankher and C. H. Foyer, "Climate resilient crops for improving global food security and safety," Plant, Cell, & Environ., no. 5, pp. 877-884, Apr. 2018. Accessed: Feb. 11, 2020. doi:10.1111/pce.13207. [Online]. Available: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/pce.13207

No issue number (no.) Exclude the issue number but still include the volume number as usual.

 

[2] M. Shin, A. Linke, and E. Kemps, "Moderate amounts of media multitasking are associated with optimal task performance and minimal mind wandering," Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 11, pp. 1-6, Oct. 2020. Accessed: July 16, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://sait.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01SAIT_INST/1u7fvls/cdi_crossref_primary_10_1016_j_chb_2020_106422

No volume number or issue number Exclude both the issue number and volume.

[19] B. Thomas, "Pandemic could give robotics a boost as people use technology to stay distant," Calgary Herald, pp. A1, Jul. 17, 2020.

No page numbers (pp. #-#)

Exclude the page numbers.

[8] N. Yousif, "A floor for soft landings: Has enthusiasm for the Canada Emergency Response Benefit paved the way for a universal basic income?," Maclean's, Aug. 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.macleans.ca/economy/has-enthusiasm-for-the-cerb-paved-the-way-for-a-universal-basic-income/

No DOI Exclude the DOI. [14] C. Griffiths, "Farming the dust," Farm J., vol. 142, no. 13, pp. 16, Nov. 15, 2019. Accessed: May 19, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://sait.primo.exlibrisgroup.com/permalink/01SAIT_INST/1u7fvls/ cdi_proquest_rep orts_2327893166
I don't know what I should put for abbreviated month An abbreviated month is a shortened version of the month. Not all months are abbreviated - see examples to the right for standard abbreviations. Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, July, Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov., Dec.
I don't know what internet address (URL) to provide

For library resources, provide a permanent link. Depending if you are on the main search or in a specific database, you can find the permanent link in different places, but it typically will have the URL prefix of http://libresources.sait.ab.ca/login?url

For all other online resources, provide the URL in the address bar.

If you are using a physical resource, exclude the internet address and [Online] from your citation.

See examples throughout guide
I'm not sure if I should end the citation with a period You should only omit the period if your citation ends with an internet address (URL). Otherwise, include a period at the end for doi, page range, or year of publication. See examples throughout guide

Is your scenario not covered in this table?  Check the IEEE reference guide or ask your liaison for help.

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