Skip to main content

IEEE Citation Style: How to Build a Citation

This guide provides information on the 2014 edition of the IEEE citation style as used at Southern Alberta Institute of Technology.


Each entry in your References usually contains the following information, in this order: author(s) or editor(s), title of work, publication data, and date of publication. There are specific rules around the formatting of each part of the citation. The general format is given below:

[#] First Initial. Surname, Title of the Book: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date.


For specific examples of references list entries, go to the Your Reference List section of this guide.

Author Information

  • For multiple authors, list the names in order presented in the source. The names of all authors should be given in the reference unless the number of authors is greater than six.
  • If there are more than six authors, you may use et al. after the name of the first author. Do not use a comma before et al.
  • If there is no author, begin the entry with the title of the work, including the appropriate capitalization and italics formatting.

Date Information

  • Give the complete date that the work was published. If a day or month is provided, list the date as (Month Day, Year).
  • If a publication or creation date cannot be found on a website, use "n.d."
  • If no date is available, write n.d. in parentheses, followed by a period.

Title of Work

  • Capitalize all important words in a title (and subtitle if given) of a book, periodical, or conference. 
  • Capitalize the first word of an article title (and subtitle if given)
  • Italicize the title of a book or periodical. Place quotation marks around the title of a web document, article title, and book chapter.
  • Give edition information directly after the title (if applicable). Do not italicize the edition.

Publication Information

  • For books, give the location of the publisher, followed by a colon(:) and the name of the publisher.
  • For periodicals, give the volume number, issue number, and page range after the periodical title.

For specific examples of formatting publisher information for different types of works, go to the books or articles sections of this guide.

chat loading...