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APA Citation Style: Other

This guide provides information on the 6th edition of the APA citation style as used at Southern Alberta Institute of Technology

Online Video

General Format

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname OR Screen name, Year)

References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Author screen name. (Year, Month Day {of video post}). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL of specific video

Example

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Norton, 2006)

References:
Norton, R. (2006, November 4). How to train a cat to operate a light switch [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vja83KLQXZs


Tip:

  • If you are unable to determine the actual name of the author, list the screen name as the author entry.

Motion Picture/Video/DVD

General Format

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Producer Surname, Year)

References:
Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of motion picture [Format {e.g., Motion Picture or DVD}]. Country of origin: Studio or distributor.

Example

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Smith, 2001)

References:
Smith, J. D. (Producer), & Smithee, A. F. (Director). (2001). Really big disaster movie [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.


Tip:

  • The Purdue OWL site has examples of other media formats (e.g., television series, music recording) available on their website.

Class Lecture, Module, or PowerPoint

NOTE: Use this format to cite module content or a set of notes from a lecture (e.g., power point slides provided by your instructor). To cite something from a lecture that was not provided in a written format, use the "personal communication" format (see below).

General Format

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year)

References:
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Lecture title [Format]. Retrieved from SAIT Course name Desire2Learn site OR from URL.

Example

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Mokry, 2007)

References:
Mokry, J. (2007). Lecture 3: The wonders of APA [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from SAIT COMN 220 Desire2Learn site.

Online Image

General Format

In-Text Citation:
(Artist Surname, Year)

References:
Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. Retrieved from URL

Example

In-Text Citation:
(Baumel, 2010)

References (Basic):
Baumel, A. (2010). Cholera treatment center in Haiti [Online image]. Retrieved October 2, 2010 from https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org


Tip:

  • Many images on the web do not have easily identifiable author, title, or date information. Try to locate missing information by right-clicking on the image and viewing the properties and/or looking for information within the page on which the image is found.  If you cannot find any of this information, begin the citation with a description of the work within brackets.

Example

[Untitled illustration of a sleeping dog ]. Retrieved December 5, 2010 from http://www.sleepinganimals/pix.com

Secondary Source

Sometimes an author writes about research that someone else has done, but you are unable to track down the original research report. In this case, because you did not read the original report, you will include only the source you did consult in your References. The words “as cited in” in the parenthetical reference indicate you have not read the original research.

Example:
You read Bertram's report that has an interesting result from Fong's 1987 study. You cannot locate Fong's study.

Quote:
Fong’s 1987 study (as cited in Bertram, 1996) found that older students’ memory can be as good as that of young people, but this depends on how memory is tested.

[Do not include Fong (1987) in your References; do include Bertram (1996).]

Personal Communications (Interviews & Email)

According to APA guidelines, personal communications (e.g., emails, phone calls, interviews and lectures) are not typically included in the list of references. Only an in-text citation is used which includes the person's name, the phrase "personal communication", and date.

Examples:

A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2015).

Many students had difficulty with APA style in writing classes (A. P. Smith, personal communication, November 3, 2015).

 

Consult your instructor to confirm whether you are required to list interviews, emails, phone calls, and lectures as part of the References page. 

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